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The dialect described in the main grammar sketch is an average of most of the Áorfoenni-speaking areas. It is closest to the dialects of the north, which have generally undergone less change than those of the south. Some of the dialectal distinctions are simply ones of vocabulary, most dialects having borrowed a great deal of Estéldir words during the conquest of Ethelíd, while the southwestern dialect never had that influence. Others show a higher percentage of borrowings from the Pelut languages to the northeast.
The distinction between a and á, e and é, and between i and í has largely disappeared in the kingdom of Fáorn Ruádh. This dialect now has phonemic stress, and only six vowel phonemes. Stress falls on the penultimate vowel in a word, unless that vowel was a, e, i, or u before another vowel. In such cases, stress falls on the ultimate vowel.
Some minimals pairs have now merged because of this, such as medh "food" and médh "hand", while others are now distinguished by stress, rather than vowel type: siara "always" and siárá "last".
The dialect spoken in the kingdoms of Távelár and Carel is largely the same as the described standard, with only two real changes. First, a and á have spread further apart, two vowels which have merged together in many of the dialect areas. Second, th and dh have shifted from dental fricatives to labiodental fricatives, and any preceding vowel ends in a y-glide, making a word like ruádh "red" sound more like ruáyv.
In the valley of the Vendel River (above Toralen), a and á have merged, leaving a pair like siárá "last" and siara "always" sounding the same. Mainly this dialect is characterized by a large number of Pelut borrowings in a number of different fields, not just military. Some of these are:
asiat "beam, timber" f. ašat "tree"
dízhe "bodyguard" f. dižä "defender"
víet "pond" f. viöt "lake"
In the kingdom of Toralen and in the lesser kingdoms of Urlan, Cárcora, and the Tenda, c and t have shifted before front vowels. Before i/í/e/é, c changes from a velar stop to a palatal fricative. In the same position, t changes to a palatal stop. In addition, these regions also have merged a and á, just as in the Vendel dialect.
The southwest region (Cedh Neru, Áerín, and the isle of Mídhíon) is marked by three features:
- This region has the same c/t palatalization as in the kingdom of Toralen.
- Most of the Estéldir borrowings present in other dialects are missing here. Words like agora "wilderness", nézhin "peasant", and cuzhu "outermost clothing" are not used in the southwest.
- Zh shows the same alteration as s, being an alveolar fricative normally, but a postalveolar fricative before i/í.
The kingdom of Védáor has been the most isolated, historically, showing almost none of the borrowings from Estéldir (as in the southwest). The greatest shift here is that unstressed a, e, and i drop out, and when stressed, sound the same as á, é, and í. Here are some examples using the written standard and the pronunciation in Védáor:
dáras "jaw" > dars
fáornalon "resilience" > faorndlon
álgedh "gold" > algdh
il-pálgéna egávezh án é-vedun > l'palgen gavzh an evdun
Siá é-ázhin cuduledhu ádhinen é-pelí ádhinedhu. > Sia eazhn cuduldhu adhnen epli adhindhu.
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